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the irish wolfhound

 

Standard


 

Irish Wolfhound

Standard FCI
N° 160 - 02/04/2001 / GB


 

+ « List of Points in Order of Merit »


 

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD 13.03.2001

ORIGIN Ireland

UTILIZATION

Up to the end of the17th century, Irish Wolfhounds were used for hunting wolves and deer in Ireland. They were also used for hunting the wolves that infested large areas of Europe before the forests were cleared.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.

Group 10 (sighthounds) - Section 2 (rough-coated sighthounds) - without working trial

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

We know the continental Celts kept a greyhound probably descended from the greyhound first depicted in Egyptian paintings. Like their continental cousins, the Irish Celts were interested in breeding large hounds. These large Irish hounds could have had smooth or rough coats, but in later times, the rough coat predominated possibly because of the Irish climate.

The first written account of these dogs was by a Roman Consul 391 A.D. but they were already established in Ireland in the first century A.D. when Setanta changed his name to Cu-Chulainn (the hound of Culann).

Mention is made of the Uisneach (1st century) taking 150 hounds with them in their flight to Scotland. Irish hounds undoubtedly formed the basis of the Scottish Deerhound. Pairs of Irish hounds were prized as gifts by the Royal houses of Europe, Scandinavia and elsewhere from the Middle ages to the 17th century. They were sent to England, Spain, France, Sweden, Denmark, Persia, India and Poland.

In the15th century each county in Ireland was required to keep 24 wolfdogs to protect farmers' flocks from the ravages of wolves. The Cromwellian prohibition (1652) on the export of Wolfhounds helped preserve their number for a time but the gradual disappearance of the wolf and continued demand abroad reduced their numbers almost to the point of extinction by the end of the 17th century.

The revival of interest in the breed accompanied the growth of Irish nationalism in the late 19th century. The Irish Wolfhound became a living symbol of Irish culture and of the Celtic past.

At this time, one determined enthusiast, Capt. G A Graham, set about obtaining some of the few remaining hounds of the Wolfhound type that could still be found in Ireland, and with the use of Deerhound blood and the occasional outcross of Borzoi and Great Dane, he eventually achieved a type of dog that bred true in every generation.

The results were ultimately accepted as a legitimate revival of the breed.

The Irish Kennel Club scheduled a class for Irish Wolfhounds at their show in April 1879, and a club was formed in 1885. The Irish Wolfhound now enjoys once again something of the reputation that it had in the Middle Ages.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

The Irish Wolfhound should not be quite so heavy or massive as the Great Dane, but more so than the Deerhound, which in general type he should otherwise resemble.

Of great size and commanding appearance, very muscular, strongly though gracefully built, movements easy and active; head and neck carried high; the tail carried with an upward sweep with a slight curve towards the extremity.

Great size, including height at shoulder and proportionate length of body, is the desideratum to be aimed at, and it is desired to firmly establish a race (that shall average 32 inches (81cm) to 34 inches (86cm) in dogs) showing the requisite power, activity, courage and symmetry.

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT

« Lambs at home, lions in the chase ».

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

HEAD

Long and level, carried high; the frontal bones of the forehead very slightly raised and very little indentation between the eyes.

CRANIAL REGION

• Skull: not too broad.

FACIAL REGION

• Muzzle: long and moderately pointed.
• Teeth: scissor bite ideal, level acceptable.
• Eyes: dark.
• Ears: small Rose Ears (Greyhound like in carriage).

NECK

Rather long, very strong and muscular, well arched, without dewlap or loose skin about the throat.

BODY

Long, well ribbed up.
• Back: rather long than short.
• Loins: slightly arched.
• Croup: great breadth across hips.
• Chest: very deep, moderately broad, breast wide.
• Ribs: well sprung.
• Belly: well drawn up.

TAIL

Long and slightly curved, of moderate thickness, and well covered with hair.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS

• Shoulders: muscular, giving breadth of chest, set sloping.
• Elbows: well under, neither turned inwards nor outwards.
• Forearm: muscular, heavily boned, quite straight.

HINDQUARTERS

• Thighs: long and muscular.
• Stifle: nicely bent.
• Second thigh: well muscled, long and strong.
• Hocks: well let down and turning neither in nor out.

FEET

Moderately large and round, neither turned inward nor outwards.
• Toes: well arched and closed.
• Nails: very strong and curved.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

Movements easy and active.

COAT

Hair : rough and hard on body, legs and head; especially wiry. Hair over eyes and beard especially wiry.

COLOR AND MARKING

The recognised colours are grey, brindle, red, black, pure white, fawn or any colour that appears in the Deerhound.

SIZE (Height and Weight)

• Desired height : averaging 32 inches (81cm) to 34 inches (86cm) in dogs.
• Minimum height : dogs 31 inches (79cm).
• Minimum weight : dogs 120 pounds (54.5kg). • Minimum height : bitches 28 inches (71cm).
• Minimum weigh t: bitches 90 pounds (40.5 kg).

FAULTS

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

• Too light or too heavy a head.
• Too highly arched frontal bone.
• Crooked forelegs, weak pasterns.
• Weak hindquarters and a general want of muscle.
• Too short in body.
• Back sunken or hollow or quite straight.
• Large ears and hanging flat to the face.
• Twisted feet.
• Spreading toes.
• Short neck; full dewlap.
• Chest too narrow or too broad.
• Tail excessively curled.
• Nose of any colour other than black.
• Lips of any colour other than black.
• Very light eyes. Pink or liver coloured eyelids.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

• Aggressive or overly shy dogs..
• Any dog clearly showing physical of behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B.

• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

 

List of Points in Order of Merit


 

The I.K.C. standard for this breed includes an addendum (List of Points in Order of Merit) which may not be included by the F.C.I.

1. Typical : The Irish Wolfhound should not be quite so heavy or massive as the Great Dane, but more so than the Deerhound, which in general type he should otherwise resemble.
2. Great size and commanding appearance.
3. Movements easy and active.
4. Head, long and level, carried high.
5. Forelegs, heavily boned, quite straight; elbows well set under.
6. Thighs long and muscular; second thighs, well muscled, stifles nicely bent.
7. Coat, rough and hard, specially wiry and long over eyes and under jaw.
8. Body, long, well ribbed up, with ribs well sprung, and great breadth across hips.
9. Loins arched, belly well drawn up.
10. Ears, small, with greyhound like carriage (rosed).
11. Feet, moderately large and round; toes close, well arched.
12. Neck, long, well arched and very strong.
13. Chest, very deep, moderately broad.
14. Shoulders, muscular, set sloping.
15. Tail, long and slightly curved.
16. Eyes, dark.

DÉFAUTS ENTRAÎNANT L'EXCLUSION

• Chien agressif ou peureux.
• Tout chien présentant de façon évidente des anomalies d’ordre physique ou comportemental sera disqualifié.

NOTE

the above in no way alters the "Standard of Excellence" which must in all cases be rigidly adhered to; they simply give the various points in order of merit. If in any case they appear at variance with Standard of Excellence it is the latter which is correct.